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Taka Bone Rate National Park is a marine park which includes the Takabonerate atoll islands, located in the Flores Sea, south of Sulawesi island of Indonesia.

The area, which consists of the atoll islands and surrounding marine area was granted national park protection status in 1992

Taka Bone Rate is administered as part of Selayar Regency, South Sulawesi province. The atoll is located in Flores Sea, southeast off the coast from the southern "arms" of Sulawesi Island and to the east of Selayar island. It is located west of Wakatobi islands and far north of Komodo island across the Flores Sea. The nearest large city is Makassar, from where it can be reached in about 16 hours by boat.

With an area of 530,765 hectares which has an atoll expanse of 220,000 hectares, Taka Bone Rate meaning 'coral islands over sand' is the biggest atoll in Indonesia, and Southeast Asia, and the third biggest in the world after Kwajalein Atoll and Suvadiva.

The atoll consists of separate table reefs enclosing a lagoon filled with massive reefs.[4] The atoll has around 20 islands, six of which are inhabited. There are 15 islands for diving and snorkeling.

Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate is entitled as the national park which includes the Takabonerate atoll islands, located in the Flores Sea, south of Sulawesi island of Indonesia. It's one of the largest atoll in the world. the gate to Taka Bonerate is from Selayar and the nearest city is Makassar. It's an isolated island so it's really recommend to visit in group - Do not expect your mobile will ring. Best time to Taka Bonerate is on around April-May and August-November.

Taka Bonerate is an archipelago in the Southern Sulawesi Island. It is in the Southeast of Selayar as the mainland of the archipelago. Taka Bonerate becomes the 3rd largest atoll in the world with 530.765 ha that covers the whole area with 220,000 ha coral reefs. This area was identified as the largest atoll in Southeast Asia after Kwajilein atoll in the Marshall Islands and Suvadiva atolls in the Maldives.

Inside the archipelago there are 21 Islands, 7 Islands with population while 14 others leaving only sands, trees, beautiful reefs, and the diversity of marine life. They’ve lived there for hundred years long ago before the independence day of Indonesia.

The story begins 3 years ago when I decided to find a place where I can take a short internship about the marine life related to my studies in the University. And my choice goes to Taka Bonerate. I spent two weeks in the mainland, and then the rest of it in the Archipelago.

Taka Bonerate is not as famous as other marine tourism places in Indonesia. But this place is a real paradise for travelers, adventurers, and scuba divers. Visiting this place means you will have a really adventure trip and sailing experiences. It’s a really long way to paradise. But, no worries you will enjoy the whole trip when you get in and you will never want to go out.

There are 3 categories of coral reefs inside the National Park, the barrier reef, fringing reef and atolls. The diversity of coral reefs is quite high, and the interesting thing on coral reef ecosystems in the National park is a steep dive spot (drop off).

One of the most popular tourism destinations in the National Park is Tinabo Island. Tinabo is the center of marine tourism inside the National Park. Tinabo island has a white sand substrate, with a sloping topography between 0-2 meters where we can find many coconut trees, sentigi, ketapang , grasses and shrubs . The main activities that visitors can do is diving, snorkeling and canoeing.

Taka bonerate is a small island in National park complex, eventhough you surrounded by clean and healthy ocean environment, you're not allow to fishing here and the rangers is really firm with their job, yet you will forget about fishing since tons of activities waiting you here.

You will have shore full with baby sharks to play with, use your snorkeling gear and visit the giant clams village in their jetty area, leave your sandal and walk barefoot around the island to feel the soft sand in your feet, queched your thirst with fresh coconut water, prerape your camera for the breathtaking sunset/sunrise, during the night sleep outside under the stars, it's time to reconnect with your self and the best part is no mobile reception in this island.

Diving is also must to do here, don't worry about the safety, your dive master is the ranger that dive everyday to do coral check, they're really capable,expereinced diver and know the dive spot very well.

You will love this place as I do. I really enjoy having a snorkeling experience there, capturing coral reef underwater photography, swimming like a clown fish, and being amazed with the cute of the baby sharks. I also did a tree planting, coral transplantation, and sunbathing. If you love scuba diving, then the whole area is your spot to dive in. Always bring your camera and you will be surprised with the diversity of the Ibel Range, Joan Garden, Softcoral Point, and Wall Reef.

If you are not a diver, no worries, snorkeling and having a hopping island trip to Tinanja, Latondu, Rajuni and other islands nearby will be a great attraction for you. Sometimes dolphins follow your boat. The society in the Island is friendly and overwhelming. Don’t forget to have a conversation with them, because they are one of the Gypsy’s in Indonesia, Bajo. Well, it is different with the Bajo tribe in Wakatobi that still live and build houses above the water, the Bajonese in Taka Bonerate has left the tradition to live inside the houses above the water, but they still go to sea and earn a living from the sea.

The island is a really perfect place to capture the golden sunset in the afternoon and if you come around May – June, you will see the Milky Way, where thousands stars dancing above the sky and only you and the island become the only witness of the great

Once you visit the place, you will always promise yourself to come back again. You will never miss the paradise for short but longer time. Even hard to get there, but you will never regret to come again and again.


Selayar Island
This is where you transit to reach Taka Bonerate. Dive at Spaghetti reef, just for a warm up.

You need one to enter Taka Bonerate National Park, including for your cameras. For information you go to www.tntakabonerate.com. Entry fees for International visitors are IDR 100,000 / person.

There are 20 diving spots of Taka Bonerate which extends from Tinabo to the very south of the coral atoll. That’s a lot of place to suck up the marine scenery.

There is a homestay beside the ‘Tempat Biasa’ cafe. It’s enough to survive the night, but there are other options on the Tinabo island.

‘Tempat Biasa’; Carrot noodles is a way to go amongst the other dishes you can choose from.

Start from Makassar; take the express bus, such as Aneka bus or Sumber Mas Murni bus, that can cross you to Selayar island. Ticket: IDR 390,000/pax.

Or fly from Makassar to Aroepalla airport on Selayar Island and save half a day of traveling. Ticket: IDR 750,000/pax. However, planes are very flexible with their schedule, so beware!

Then take the regular boat to Rajuni Island. Cost: IDR 300,000/pax. Continue with a fisherman boat to Tinabo Island.



Lombok (1990 pop. 2,403,025) is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia. It is part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular, with a “tail” to the southwest, about 70 km across and a total area of about 4,725 km² (1,825 sq mi). The administrative capital and largest city on the island is Mataram.

The Dutch first visited Lombok in 1674 and settled the eastern part of the island, leaving the western half to be ruled by a Hindu dynasty from Bali. The Sasaks chafed under Balinese rule, and a revolt in 1891 ended in 1894 with the annexation of the entire island to the Netherlands East Indies.

Geography and demographics
The Lombok Strait marks the passage of the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia that is known as the Wallace Line, for Alfred Russel Wallace, who first remarked upon the distinction between these two major biomes.

The island’s topography is dominated by the centrally-located stratovolcano Mount Rinjani, which rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft), making it the third-highest in Indonesia. The most recent eruption of Rinjani was in June-July, 1994. The volcano, and its sacred crater lake, Lake Segara Anak, are protected by a National Park established in 1997. The southern part of the island is a fertile plain where corn, rice, coffee, tobacco, and cotton are grown.

The island’s inhabitants are 85% Sasak (a people, closely related to the Balinese, but mostly practising Islam), 10-15% Balinese, with the small remainder being Chinese, Arab, Javanese, and Sumbawanese.

Economy and politics
Lombok has much in common with nearby Bali, but less well-known and less-visited by foreigners. It has been working to increase its visibility to tourists in recent years, promoting itself as an “unspoiled Bali”. The most-developed center of tourism is Senggigi, spread in a 10-kilometer strip along the coastal road north of Mataram, while backpackers congregate in the Gili Islands off the west coast. Other popular tourist destinations include Kuta (distinctly different from Kuta, Bali) where surfing is considered some of the best in the world by leading surfing magazines. The Kuta area is also famous for its beautiful, untouched beaches.

While the area may be considered economically depressed by First World standards, the island is fertile, has sufficient rainfall in most areas for agriculture, and possesses a variety of climate zones. Consequently, food in abundant quantity and variety is available inexpensively at local farmer’s markets. A family of 4 can eat rice, vegetables, and fruit for as little as US$0.50. Even though a family income may be as small as US$1.00 per day from fishing or farming, many families are able to live a happy and productive live on astonishingly small incomes.

In early 2000 thousands fled from religious and ethnic violence that swept over the island, and tensions remain. Some travel websites warn that tourists sometimes provoke anger in this economically depressed region. This warning lacks credibility, since all of Lombok has had a long history of welcoming visitors to the island. Both the government and many of the residents recognize that tourism and the services required by tourists is Lombok’s highest source of income. Further proof of the island’s hospitality is show by the fact that tourists are virtually never seriously injured by any interaction with the local population. There is also a refugee camp on the island, costs paid for by Australia, which holds mostly Hazara Afghans who have tried to enter Australia by boat.

* Bangsal – little harbor servicing the Gili Islands
* Kuta – a surfing mecca like its Bali namesake, but that’s where the similarities end
* Lembar – for boats to Bali
* Mataram – the largest city by far
* Senggigi – the main tourist strip, including the neighboring beach of Mangsit

Located just east of Bali, Lombok has been promoted as “an unspoiled Bali” for quite some time, with beautiful beaches and the large, looming volcano of Mount Rinjani.

The more Islamic culture in Lombok compared than Bali may explain the reason why Lombok is quieter than Bali in terms of parties and nightlife, which can be either a positive or a negative depending on your point of view. Lombok is also becoming increasingly popular for honeymooners.

Lombok’s people are 85% Sasak, culturally and linguistically closely related to the Balinese, but unlike Bali’s Hindu they are Muslims. A notable non-orthodox Islamic group found only on Lombok are the Wektu Telu (“Three Prayers”), who as the name suggests pray only three times daily, instead of the five times required in the Quran.

While tropical, hot and humid, Lombok is drier than neighboring Bali, which makes it a particularly attractive option during the October-December rainy season (it rains on Lombok too, but rarely for more than an hour). The peak of the tourist season, though, is May through August.

Get in
By plane
Lombok’s only airport is Mataram’s Selaparang Airport (AMI), which occasionally also shows up in flight schedules as “Ampenan” (hence the seemingly odd airport code). There are frequent connections to Denpasar on Bali (30 min) and Surabaya (1 hour) on Garuda, Merpati and Germania Trisakti (“GT Air”), but only a single flight per day to Jakarta (on Garuda). A flight offered from and to Yogyakarta (on Garuda) is currently not being scheduled anymore. International flights are limited to Kuala Lumpur daily on Merpati and Singapore thrice weekly on Silk Air, with visas available on arrival. Lombok Network maintains a useful, mostly-updated flight schedule listing all flights to the island.

By boat
Slow boats from Padang Bai on Bali leave about every hour for the four- to five-hour trip to Lembar (Rp 35,000). The slow ferries are a bit rusty and dusty, with minimal restroom facilities, and are used mostly by locals, with few tourists on board. Access to the passenger deck is usually from the vehicle deck via steep and narrow stairs, so maneuvering heavy luggage is a challenge. Would-be porters wait by the docks, and will happily carry your stuff for Rp 10,000 per item. Sometimes they insist on doing so even when you don’t ask. They can be a bit intimidating, and sometimes try

Senggigi Beach – Lombok Best Resort Area and Surfing Spots
Senggigi is the main tourist destination on mainland Lombok. It is traversed by a single two lane road that follows the west coast of the island from south of Ampenan and continues northward to circumnavigate the north of Lombok.

Senggigi is is on the West Coast of Lombok about 15-20 minutes north of the island’s capital Mataram and nearby airport. Airport Taxis (by fixed price coupon) charge Rp 83,500 (Jan 2010) for the trip Mangsit and Rp 57,500 to central Senggigi. In daylight hours the bemos will cover the distance for around Rp 2,500 from near the airport entrance gate to Pasar Ampenan and then Rp 5,000 for a second Bemo up the coast to Senggigi plus extra charges for any larger items of luggage carried.

Some of the larger Hotels offer pick up transfers to and from the Airport. You will need to book ahead for this.

Some visitors travelling from nearby Bali prefer the option of taking a fast boat across from Bali direct to the Gili Islands and Senggigi. Travel agents or the operators can normally assist with any necessary transfers.

If you are frugal or intrepid and take the slow ferry from Bali, it’s best to arrange transport in advance from the ferry dock to Senggigi, since the Lembar port on the Lombok side is in a remote spot several kilometers well south of Mataram. Travel agents on Bali offer transport from any point in southern Bali to Senggigi, including the ferry ticket, for about Rp 140,000.

Get around
Bemos, a small, covered pick-up truck with narrow but padded seating benches in the rear are the main means of short and medium distance transport in rural and coastal Lombok. They can be hailed down on all larger streets and will happily take you even short hops around Senggigi. Fares are inexpensive.

An approximate fare (January 2010) from Senggigi to the produce markets in Ampenan is Rp 4,500-5,500/person. Prices for set distances vary at times but if the price of fuel has risen or it is in short supply causing roadside price fluctuations then the Bemo prices will often follow. Try and watch what local customers are paying for a similar distance to your own and if really in doubt just include Rp 1,000-2,000 extra. If ‘chartering’ an empty Bemo to a particular destination be careful to clarify the exact amount of payment required prior to getting into the vehicle.

Many Bemo drivers are reluctant to venture further up the West Coast than the northern end of Mangsit Village as the passenger densities drop dramatically from there on. The driver may want to turn back at this point if he does not have sufficient passengers.

Bemos have normally stopped running by dusk on the West Coast of Lombok.

Travel agents can also get you on semi-regular shuttle services, which connect Senggigi, the airport, and the harbours of Lembar (for Bali) and Bangsal (for the Gilis).

The largest taxi operator is Blue Bird [1] (light blue in colour) and the second operator is Express Taksi (white). Flag fall is approximately Rp 4,250 and the meter ticks up a few hundred rupiah for every hundred meters past 2 km. Figure on Rp 10,000-rp 15,000 for short hops and about Rp 60,000 from Senggigi to Mataram/Cakranegara. Both operators have a radio linked fleet and can be booked in advance either by calling them yourself or by booking through your hotel.

By car
Renting a car is also an option and there are many places to rent from in the Senggigi area. Expect to pay Rp.150,000-175,000 (low end mid-late 1980?s Suzuki mini jeep-Jimmy (2×4) to Rp.400,000 for a Toyota Kijang (2×4) or Izuzu Panther (2×4).

By motorbike
To hire a motrobike, expect to pay around Rp 50,000 (October 2009) for most models and possibly more in peak season when demand for rentals can be very high.

By ojek
Prices are negotiable but a rule of thumb is Rp 5,000 Rupiah if the destination is nearby.

By horse cart
Horse-pulled carts, known as Cidomo, are very common arond Senggigi and all across Lombok. They are a good method of transportation for short distances e.g, from your hotel to a restaurant. Make sure to agree on the price before the journey – Rp10,000 is the maximum price to pay for a short journey.

By boat
Traditional fishing boats known as perahu ply the waters around Lombok, and are instantly recognizable due to their outriggers, two lengths of extra large Bamboo sealed at either end and attached by bars on both sides like a catamaran affording greater stability in heavy swells. They can also be chartered on the Senggigi beaches, either directly from owners (in which case some knowledge of Bahasa Indonesian or Bahasa Sasak will come in handy) or via any travel agent, who will of course take an often generous commission.

By bicycle
Traffic is relatively light throughout the island so travel by bicycle is quite possible and provides a very different cultural experience to other means of transport.

What to See
* Pura Batu Bolong, 2 km south of Senggigi. Small Hindu temple located in a scenic spot at a cape overlooking Senggigi beach, named after a rock (batu) with a hole (bolong). At the tip is an empty chair representing Brahma, the god of creation. Free entry, but you’ll have to ‘borrow’ a sash (Rp5,000 a throw) from one of the urchins if you don’t have one already. Sunsets seen from here can be very impressive.

* Senggigi Beach. A spit of sand stretching out from central Senggigi, this is Senggigi’s raison d’etre but, by Indonesian standards, it’s not all that spectacular. The beach is a little dirty, the hawkers are a nuisance and the Senggigi Beach Resort has grabbed most of the land. Some local surfers brave the smallish waves. The sunsets can be very beautiful.

* Senggigi is a popular launch point for other activities on Lombok. Without the hassle of Mataram, you can visit several other locations and come back to the same hotel each night. Tour operators can arrange these trips for you at around Rp. 350,000 for the day for a private car and driver or cheaper if you go with a group.

* Kerangdangan Beach. On Sunday afternoons Kerangdangan beach is a popular destination for Lombok residents. They go there to wander about and socialise or sit on the sandy beach or grassy area behind the warungs. People often take a swim in the sea and later eat satay and other snacks made by Kerandangan villagers and sold in the beachfront warungs. There are also two small and more expensive venues with informal outdoor dining in a cluster of small baruga’s with big cushions and relaxed service. They are set a little back from the beach and are open most days and nights. Full menus are available at these two venues and they offer an interesting alternative to the Senggigi township offerings.

* Popular excursions that can be done in a day trip include:
* Village visits, including weaving villages and other handicraft-producers
* Waterfall visits

What to Do
Most activities around Senggigi revolve around diving, snorkelling, and hiking. There are some surf shops in town, but there are reportedly better areas on Lombok for surfing. Traditional therapeutic massages are provide by local Sasak women both on the beaches, including Mangsit beach and in the Hotels. At Windy Beach Cottages at the far north end of Mangsit Beach local village women have an arrangement to use a comfortable screened baruga in the Hotel grounds. Enquiries can be made at reception or by yourself on the beach if not perturbed by interested beach traders. If arriving by road bookings can be made at the Cellphone shop opposite the entrance to Windy Beach Cottages or contact Mangsit Beach Massage 081917429081. Santai Beach Cottages at the southern end of Mangsit beach is also a good place to enquire. Again just ask at the reception desk and they will summon one of the local traditional masseurs for you. They will provide a nice beachside massage and fresh juices and tea can ordered from the hotel. Beach Spa treatments are also available around Senggigi and within some of the hotels. Fishing charters are available and some of the hotels rent bicycles for riding around the Senggigi precinct.

What to Buy
Lombok-style woodenware, decorated with local creatures and geometrical patterns in shades of black, brown and red, is sold in several shops in town. The tall masks are quite distinctive, though potentially difficult to get on the plane home. Boxes and bowls are also numerous. It’s not as intricate and refined as Balinese arts, but it has a distinctive look and charm, and is quite inexpensive. Make sure you are aware of your home countries import and quarantine restrictions as some require wood to be fumigated and inspected for ‘pests’. Australia for example has very strict regulations and failing to declare many items including those made of timber, seeds and some shell items may lead to heavy penalties and confiscation. Check your countries import regulations and do not forget to declare the goods on the way in when you get back home or in ‘transit’ countries if you are clearing customs.

Persistent hawkers push Komodo freshwater pearls on tourists, and will follow you for the length of the town. The pearls are quite pretty as costume jewelry, and make nice gifts or souvenirs, but the hawkers play on a misunderstanding of their market value. They will often quote a starting price of around Rp 300,000 (more than US$30) for a strand, though they can be had for as little as Rp 35,000. Pearls for sale on the street tend to be the left-overs of the industry, with more flaws and variations in shape. Longer strands cost more. Better quality strands (rounder, more uniform pearls with fewer flaws) ought to cost more, though the hawkers seem not very sensitive regarding quality and will let you pretty much pick the one you want. There are also many handycraft items available as well as sometimes very good copies of antique artefacts such as Kris and many small traditional Sasak, Hindu and Buddhist items from Lombok’s past as well as from nearby Sumbawa, Bima and Bali

If you lose your watch or sunglasses, never fear. Street vendors are always at hand to provide a replacement.
* Senggigi Square.
* Senggigi Plaza.

Where Eat
There are plenty of eating options in Senggigi, with a surprising array of Western-style dishes on the menu. Alas, local chefs are often better with the names than the recipes for Western favorites, and seem to follow a philosophy of “when in doubt, add more butter.” Promotors will follow you along the street offering business cards, 10% discounts, and free “cocktails” to draw you in. Beware of discount offers, and before you bite, ask if VAT and service will be added to the bill. A promised 10% discount can quickly become a 10% surcharge after they hit you with tax and service.

Budget Restaurant
* Cafe Tenda is on Jl. Senggigi Raya opposite Senggigi Abadi supermarket and the BNI bank and ATM. Cafe Tenda offers traditional local dining at very reasonable prices and has an interesting menu. The BBQ fish and their Nasi Goreng Seafood is good. The BBQ chicken dishes are a little small but tasty. Local sambal is served with meals and a tomato salad can be ordered. They have many juice drinks and cold beer. It is dining “tenda” (under a tent) sitting at rough plywood tables set back a little from the road. Closed Sundays opens at dusk often until very late and is very popular with locals and visitors alike.

* Windy Beach Cottages Restaurant.[2] in Mangsit at the far northern end of the beach has a varied menu with many Indonesian dishes and a full bar. Dining is in the restaurant dining area or at Barugas doted about the hotel grounds overlooking the beach. Lovely beach with great sunsets viewed from the gardens

* Santai Beach Inn [3] at Mangsit Beach at the far southern end. Was in established in Mangsit before the road even reached that far. Has a book exchange and dining in a large traditional Baruga seated at a long communal table. Bookings in advance are essential as they have a set daily menu and cater to a set number of diners. Vegetarian and seafood based Indonesian food, fresh juices and cold beer available. 2010 prices Lunch Rp 30,000 Dinner Rp 45,000, 2009 prices Lunch Rp 25,000 Dinner Rp 55,000.

* Pak Ismail’s eating house. On Jl. Raya Montong south of Hotel Jayakarta but before the turn off Gunung Sari and on the opposite side to the beach. Pak Ismail is from Bandung in Jawa and he has a Sundanese influence to his food. It is a traditional Indonesian eating house or restaurant and has a very good menu of traditional Indonesian food. No prices on the menu, you have to ask.

Mid-range Restaurant
* Bale Tajuk, Jl. Senggigi Raya. Small but popular eatery offering a range of local and Western dishes, including a fairly decent Lombok-style ayam taliwang (Rp20,000).

* The Office is a tourist-oriented restaurant on the water behind the market near the Sheraton. Its barn-style building is attractive, but the food is hit-and-miss and rather expensive. The soto ayam and chicken sandwich are pretty good though. They have a pool table a nice view of the beach and cold beer.

* Papaya Cafe on Jl.Senggigi Raya not far from the Perama Office is worth it for decent Chinese or Italian food. Rp 35,000 to 50,000 will get a good main course. The atmosphere is rustic and clean. live music plays every night after 20:00. The sound level can be a bit excessive for dinnertime conversation.

* Cafe Bumbu on Jl. Senggigi Raya, just in front of Papaya Cafe is worth for decent Thai style food. Rp 3,000 to 50,000 will get a good main course. During the night it provides candle light tables.

* Taman is on Jl. Senggigi Raya near the Senggigi Beach Hotel. It has nice Indonesian, Western and Indian food for a decent price. Expect Rp, 30,000 for lunch for a main dish.

* Yessy Cafe is on Jl. Senggigi Raya near the Sheraton Hotel. It has nice Indonesian, Western and Thai food for a decent price. Expect Rp, 30,000 for a main dish. Friendly staffs with free transport from / to hotel.

* Coco Beach Hidden away on near the beach at the far end of Kerangdangan Beach just north of the Senggigi township. Mixed menu with Indonesian and European style food. Cold beer and other refreshments available.

Splurge / Luxury Restaurant
* Asmara. On Jl. Raya Senggigi has a very good reputation amongst the expat community and European vistors. They also bake bread to take out.

* Ye Jeon, Senggigi Plaza 2F. Korean restaurant, especially given that it’s probably the only one in all Lombok. Single dishes are reasonable (try the bibimbap, Rp35,000) but sets with a full spread of banchan appetizers are pricier at Rp80,000 and up, with 21% service/tax slapped on top. It may disappoint some people familiar with Korean food. There is an eclectic range of souvenir items available on their ground floor level.

* De Quake, Pasar Senggigi, Modern, minimalistic, lounge style interior on the beach with beautiful sunset view. Upstairs food, downstairs reserved for drinks and luxurious sunbeds.

* The Square, on the Senggigi Square. The most expensive restaurant in town with a Chef from Bali and excellent service. Dinner sets are good value and offer good mixtures. The upstairs terraces is lounge style and food & drinks are served. Vegetarians may have to get creative to find something other than pasta noodles and tomato sauce, but adaptions to standard dishes are possible. Prices start from around Rp.30,000++.

* Cafe Alberto, Italian and Indonesian cuisine on the beach side with a romantic atmosphere. Pizza and swimming pool, Free WiFi + Free Shuttle available in Senggigi are from 6:00 pm to 9:00 pm

Gili Trawangan : Between White Beaches, Coral Reefs and Party
Gili Trawangan is the largest of Lombok’s Gili Islands and is the only one to rise significantly above sea level. It is 3km long and 2km wide with a population of about 700. Of the Gilis, Trawangan has the most tourist facilities; the pub Tîr na Nôg claims that Trawangan is the smallest island in the world with an Irish pub. The most crowded part of Trawangan lies on the eastern side. It is administered under Lombok Barat Regency along with Senggigi Beach.

On Gili Trawangan (as well as the other two Gilis), there are no motorized vehicles. The main means of transportation are bicycles (rented by locals to tourists) and cidomo (a small horsedrawn carriage). For traveling to and from each of the Gilis, locals usually use motorized boats and speedboats.

Some of the first inhabitants of Gili Trawangan were from Sulawesi who are fishermen and farmers. Previously Gili Trawangan was covered in forest and deer lived on the island. (Source: Inhabitants of Gili Trawangan — no printed source available)

The economy of Gili Trawangan centres on tourism, as the island is too small to support any broad scale agriculture, and too remote to allow economically viable industry or commerce.

There are now seven dive operators on the island which run a full range of PADI courses, starting from the Discover Scuba Diving (DSD) course or the Open Water, right up to Instructor courses at certain times during the year. The schools organise Fun Dives with local dive masters who have a wealth of knowledge about each site.

There seems to be a dive centre for everyone, whether you like the hustle and bustle of a big busy school like Blue Marlin or Manta Dive, or more relaxed smaller groups at laid back schools such as Vila Ombak Diving Academy and Trawangan Dive. There are also some schools which are more tailored to French speaking divers (Big Bubble) and German speaking divers (Dream Divers).

The diving is very easy and varies from walls, slopes and plateaus. The maximum depths at many of the sites range from 24m-18m, making it perfect for beginners and more experienced divers alike. Almost all the dive sites can be reached by boat in 10 minutes and all the dive shops are located on the beach front making access very easy.

Some of the fascinating marine life you may see include: black and white tip sharks, turtles, frog fish, leaf fish, ghost pipe fish, moray and ribbon eels, pygmy seahorse, eagle rays, octopus, cuttlefish, snakes and bumphead parrot fish.

Snorkeling in the waters off Gili Trawangan is very easy and doesn’t require a boat. Simply walk into the clear blue waters from the beach and you’re away! The main snorkeling area is along the main beach area, but there are other less busy areas with great snorkeling to be found up and down the east and northeast sides of the island.

Along the main beach front there is usually an easy current which takes you along making snorkeling all the more easy as you drift with the current, get out at the end, and walk back up the beach and start again.

A host of amazing marine life can be found while snorkeling, ranging from parrot fish, moorish idols and puffer fish, to barracuda, trumpet fish and baby cuttlefish, and if you’re really lucky, turtles!

Masks, snorkels, fins and life jackets can be found for rent all along the beach front.

Gili Meno : Quite Beaches and The Only Blue Coral Reefs in Asia
Gili Meno is the middle of Lombok’s three Gilis. It has a population of about 400, mainly concentrated on the center of the island. The main income of the population comes from tourism, coconut plantation and fishing. On the west side of the island there is a small shallow lake that produces salt in the dry season. Until a few years ago there was also a small production of seaweed on the reef at the north end of the island. It has swimming beaches all around the island, as well as an impressive bird sanctuary.

The island attracts fewer tourists than Gili Trawangan and is the quietest and smallest of the Gilis. However, honeymooners are often drawn to the crystal clear water and idyllic, secluded white beaches.

There is no fresh water on the island, it is imported daily. Electricity is supplied by generators, although there are plans for renewable energy sources to be developed. There are also no cars or motorbikes and only a limited number of tourist accommodation options.

The second island between G. Air and G. Trawangan. The most quiet island and probably the water is cleanest.
Electricity is available 24 hours but very unstable. The water system has not been installed to this island therefore most of cheap hotels use light salty water and only expensive hotels buy pure water from the main land but most

The boats from Lombok arrive at the East coast of the island. The accommodation is spread m ainly to S(left as you land) and some to North

Gili Meno is the middle of Lombok’s famous three Gilis. It has a population of about 400, mainly concentrated on the center of the island. The main income of the population comes from tourism, coconut plantation and fishing. On the west side of the island there is a small shallow lake that produces salt in the dry season.

With a population of just 300, Gili Meno is the mellowest of the three islands, and certainly the most in-tune with a desert island ethic. The beaches are much nicer than you will find on Gili Trawangan and Gili Air.

A coastal path leads all the way around the island, and can be covered at a very leisurely pace in 90 minutes. Most of the tourist facilities, including the boat arrival and departure point, are on the southern part of the east coast.

There is a lake on the western side of the middle of the island. This is sometimes quite full, and at others very dry. It is though always very saline.

From Lombok
Public boats depart from Bangsal between 8AM-5PM, take about 30 minutes, and cost Rp 10,000. They depart only when there are enough people (normally a minimum of 15). Dedicated boats to Gili Meno are few and far between, and best looked for early in the mornings and mid-afternoon. The boat office at Bangsal will though make sure you get dropped off by a Gili Trawangan-bound boat if necessary. A chartered boat from Bangsal to Gili Meno will cost about Rp 200,000.

Perama has a tiny office on Gili Meno at Kontiki Cottage. They offer daily transfers to and from Senggigi, but these may not run direct outside the peak seasons, and you may be diverted to Gili Trawangan.

From Gili Trawangan and Gili Meno
Public inter-island boats run twice daily. The morning boat leaves Gili Air at about 8:30AM arriving in Meno at 8.45AM. The same boat goes onto Gili Trawangan picking up there at 9.30AM, and returning to Gili Meno at 9:45AM. The afternoon boat runs the same route leaving Gili Air at 3PM and Gili Trawangan at about 3:30PM. The fare from either of the other islands to Gili Meno should be about Rp 20,000, but is prone to impromptu fluctuations.

A charter boat from Gili Trawangan or Gili Meno will cost about Rp 200,000 – a relatively huge sum of money for a 10 minute ride.

It is hard to imagine why anyone on Gili Meno would want to do anything other than walk. Do just that, slowly. Horse carts (cidomos) are available though, and are useful for getting you and your bags to and from the boat landing. A single trip should cost Rp 40,000-60,000.

* Gili Meno Turtle Sanctuary
A splendid initiative whereby green sea turtle and loggerhead turtle eggs are collected, hatched, and the younglings safely released into the ocean. In 2008 and 2009, a total of 2,000 turtles were released. Go along, see the work and lend your support. Donation. edit

* Taman Burung (Bird Park)
Sadly, this aviary is not as well kept as it was, and the formerly very popular komodo dragon died in 2007. Still worth a visit though, with a large range of birds present. Rp 50,000.

Gili Air Lombok – Nice Quite Beaches and Spectacular Coral Reefs
Gili Air is the smallest of the Gilis and it’s closest to the Lombok mainland, making it popular with honeymoon couples and travelers seeking a quiet retreat. It has a population of about 1,000 and administratively lies in the West Nusa Tenggara province. The island offers excellent snorkeling and scuba diving off its east coast, and turtles can be seen along the coral reef.

The island still maintains its rural charm, as tourism is relatively new. In the early eighties it was backpackers who first discovered the three little islands of Air, Meno and Trawanggan, (gili, means small island) and basically not much has changed on Gili Air since then except that the level of services and facilities has grown little by little over the years.

Coconut Cottages and The Frangipani Garden Restaurant are located in a Coconut grove on the east coast of Gili Air only 100m from the beach where you can enjoy some of the best snorkeling on the island. Coconut was opened in 1992 by Kamil and his Scottish wife Elaine and together with their family hope to make your stay on the island relaxing and enjoyable.

The island of Gili Air is, with approximately 1,800 inhabitants, the most densely populated island of the archipelago made up of three small atolls (Gili Air, Gili Meno and Gili Trawangan). The local inhabitants (the Sasak) are very kind and hospitable to tourists.
Muslim is the prevailing religion, and is observed assiduously by the inhabitants of the island. Their religious ideas are in no way disturbed by the comparison with other cultures, customs and different uses, above all from western cultures.

The island economy has only recently been transformed from the fish market to a prevalently tourist market. There are continually new small resorts and restaurants springing up, which last just one season, whilst others, with greater experience, manage to establish themselves, and provide modest and primitive services that are of great interest to the tourists arriving on the island, in search of primitive adventures.

A holiday on the island of Gili Air will long be impressed on the visitor’s mind, as a kind of ‘Terrestrial Paradise’ that still exists on earth

The Sasak are worth noting for their splendid rites and their beautiful dances.
On the island, the only means of transport are the cidomo, which are small horse-drawn carts that transport people from one part of the island to another.
Gili Air has rich tropical vegetation, with many coconut palm trees, and is one of the most beautiful and still unpolluted natural areas.

GILI KONDO is one of 33 small islands (gili) in eastern part of Lombok Island. From those many islands, there are only 3 islands serve as the best tourist destination. These ones called “Three Islands” or Tiga Pulau, i.e. Petagan, Bidara and Gili Kondo, located in the subdistrict Sambelia. This name convention was used in order be easier to remember by people.

This small island located in the waters of District Sambelia (50km north of the city Selong) and can be reached via the beach in District Sambelia Transat (about 25 minutes) and the port of Heaven Labuhan Lombok (about 45 minutes). Although the black sand beach Transat but in earthen lamps and some surrounding white sandy beaches.

The climate in these “Three Islands” are drier and hotter than mainland Lombok, but in the evening can be cool and refreshing. The rainy season is starting from the month of November to April.

The three islands, of course can be as challenging, beautiful and comfortable area to enjoy the panoramic view with many kind of birds, its white sand beaches that lie, including superb coral reefs.
Most foreign tourists who visited the three islands, making it as a transit point before continuing the journey to the East Island, East Nusa Tenggara or Bali.

In the future they will be expected become excellent tourism destination to be developed, as well as other tourist attractions are also fascinating.
Gili Condo has a beautiful under water view which is not inferior to Gili Meno, Gili Air and Gili Trawangan.. If you want to snorkel in this area you will find different types of colorful fishes and spectacular coral reefs.

This tiny island can be reached via a wooden motor boat from the Sea Port of Kayangan at the east coast of Lombok Island, which took about an hour. While the mileage of Mataram, the capital of West Nusa Tenggara province to Port of Kayangan more than 100 kilometers, or about two hours travel by car.

KERAMAT ISLAND is located on the southern part of Panjang island, north of West Sumbawa. The is inhabitant and only fisherman comes to the island for resting. The island is only 15 minutes walk, white sandy beaches and it has beautiful underwater with healthy coral reefs, most of the fishes are small, non big fishes.

The island only reach by boat from Labuan Alas and takes 45 minutes on local boat but you need to charter them as there is no regular boat.
The best option is join our sailing adventures as we stop there for 3 hours to snorkeling and exploring the islands. All snorkeling equipments provides onboard.
Keramat Island is one of the best island for snorkeling on the region of Sumbawa except Moyo and Satonda Islands.

This is a good place to break the journey. The island has a lovely white sand beach and clear deep water close by the shore, great for swimming. We usually have a beach barbecue here.
Keramat Island is the perfect spot for a beach day. Mangroves and various species of marine life. Sunset BBQ on the beach.

Moyo is an island in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province. It lies off the coast off the north coast Sumbawa Island, and has an area of 349 km2.
Most of Moyo is a nature reserve, and inhabited by wild cattle, wild pigs, barking deer, and several varieties of birds. The island rises 648m, and its centre is composed mainly of savannah and some strands of forest. Its vibrant coral reefs attract divers and snorkellers.

Moyo Island, at the mouth of Saleh Bay, has a nature reserve with wild oxen, deer, wild boars and a great variety bird species. Visits are best made during the dry season from June through August. A few kilometers of the north coast of Sumbawa, the national park island of Moyo Island is probably the most rewarding destination in Sumbawa, surrounded by beautiful coral reefs and home to wild pig, monitor lizards, 21 species of bat, huge herds of native deer and hordes of crab-eating macaques. The best time to visit is in June and July, though the seas are clear and quiet from April.

There are basic private rooms at the PHPA post at Tanjung Pasir on the south coast, where most boats from the mainland arrive. Renting a fishing boat from Tanjung Pasir and going fifteen minutes east to Stama reeft is very rewarding, with lots of sharks and turtles. There’s nowhere on Moyo to rent masks and snorkels so bring our own; fins are advisable due to the strong currents.

To get to Moyo, take a bemo from beside Seketang Market in Sumbawa Besar to Air Bari , a small port settlement to the northeast. From Air Bari, we can charter a boat to Moyo.

National Parks of Indonesia: Moyo Island Reserve
Further along Nusa Tenggara to the east of Lombok lies Moyo Island and its Reserve. A fantastic place to visit and is a place of adventure.

Moyo Island is an attractive island three kilometres off the north coast of Sumbawa, lying to the east of Lombok. Two thirds of Pulau Moyo is actually a game reserve. The central plateau with its grassy savannah land and intermittent forested areas is ideal for Deer as well as the feral cattle released there.

The coastline has some beautiful beaches of fine coral sand and not the black volcanic sand like we find on a lot of islands in the archipelago. There are beautiful coral reefs, which make it excellent for scuba diving or just snorkeling. The reef at the southern end of the island is probably the best of all.

There are a few inhabitants on the island and this consists of around 21 villages concentrated in the northern end. From Moyo there are splendid views of Mount Tambora (2,821m) to the east, the highest mountain in Sumbawa, which erupted quite violently in 1815 but now has amazingly beautiful forests on its western slopes.

Tambora can be climbed from the side in three days and is well worth a visit. It has an enormous crater and within, a two-colored lake. From the crater there are also spectacular views over Saleh Bay and the rest of Sumbawa to the east, and to the west, Moyo Island to Lombok and Mount Rinjani.

The wildlife on the reserve has adapted to the fairly dry habitat and these include Deer, feral cattle, and numerous birds such as Orioles, Sunbirds, Coequals, Koels and Drongos. Of course there are several species of shore birds along the coastline.

Satonda Island – North of Sumbawa
Satonda island lies a tiny, uninhabited island offshore of Sumbawa, separated by a narrow strait from Tambora, the site of the largest and most devastating volcanic eruption in human history.

Satonda itself is a volcano, a small black basaltic cone rising out of the sea. You can land on its little beach, follow a trail to a cleft in the cone, and enter the volcano’s caldera. The caldera contains a narrow strip of land surrounding a black, salty lake. Trees grow inside, decorated with mysterious hanging stones over what appear to be graves. The heat inside the caldera is terrible, because the walls of the cone block off all breezes.

Satonda’s beach is remarkable because a major portion of its sediment consists of pebbles of pumice. Pumice is foamy volcanic glass, so light that it floats on water. As the waves lap in and out, the pumice portion of the beach washes in and out as well. It is impossible to wear zores (flip-flops) on this beach, because with every step you take, pumice pebbles wash into the space between your foot and your sandal. The pumice pebbles vary from black to white, and some are porphyritic, containing large crystals of black pyroxene.

The jungle growing up around the outside of the cone is home to thousands of enormous fruit bats. They live high up in the trees, circling over the jungle, sleeping in the trees and lazing around during the day. Walking through the jungle beneath them, you can hear them chattering to each other, see them stirring amidst the branches, and smell them in their abundance. At dusk they all fly out at once, darkening the sky like bombers in an old World War II news reel

Sumbawa Island is one of two main islands at Nusa Tenggara Barat province. At this island part four government regions, any Sumbawa Besar, Sumbawa Barat, Dompu and Bima. This area most of dry, if at dry session many place look at chocolate.
Although like that but this island have many tourism object. At Sumbawa region have traditional and nature object. And at Bima region have cultural object especially from Bima kingdom heritage.

At Dompu region that at center of Sumbawa Island, any best area for surfing sport, this area at Lakei beach that famous at world surfer. Dompu region have also popular of Tambora Mountain. This mountain is at south of Dompu that to erupt at 1815. This erupt is devastating natural disaster in the world.

Big effect of this erupt that can see until now are big hole with one kilometers depth at radius seven kilometers. This disaster makes disappear three kingdoms at Dompu and Bima in one moment. These kingdoms are Pekat kingdom, Sanggar kingdom and Tambora kingdom. Paroksismal explosion heard until at Bangka and Belitung Island (at Sumatera Island).
Whereas earthquake because of this erupt feel until at Surabaya (at Java Island). More effect of this explosion is three days at Surabaya so dark because of cloud. And explosion smoke tall until thousand kilometers in the sky.

At northwest cross of Sumbawa any Satonda Island. Wide of this island just 4, 8 kilometers and any lake in. All plate of lake is coral. This water is salt.

This object has thousand years at stake of two region government, between Dompu government and Bima government. This island located at Nangamiru village at Dompu. Satonda is destination tourism that tour from Bali to Komodo Island. Satonda has popular as world miracle. Beside water is salt this lake has going down level the water like sea also.

The natural phenomena had research many experts like E.T Degens, V Ittekot Stephan Kempe (Institute of Biogechemistry and Marine Chemistry, University of Hamburg German) at November 1984 and Prof. D Eisma, Josef Kazmierczak (Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences Polandia) at December 1986 and 1995. And than research by Prof. How Kin wong and Uwe Selge at 1986.

At the assumption this phenomena cause sea water to get on lake that early time is Satonda caldera at two thousand pre masehi. This water in to there is erupt effect Tambora mountain at 1815 ago. This is can be proof from to fall part at this lake. Guess of to drive through the sea water at south part lake as tall as ten meters.
And depth of this lake about fifteen to sixty-nine meters. This water is so clear. About salt this water has different, at level on water 22, 8 meter salt is ninety percent as compared to sea water and at fifty meters depth the salt more than sea water at that is until 108 to 117 percent.

At this sea many flying fish, dolphin and at island many deer. This island known have Kalibuda tree which get poison rubber. This rubber can make blind the eyes. The Kalibuda tree believed as sacred tree at local people.
This tree believed as dreams tree because in the branch many dreams to hope. Many people believe if they to hang their dreams by rock at the branch, it is make cam true. Near from this tree any scared grave some one that believed had disappear.

Security of there is Letnan Muda I (purn) Pudjadi R that to identify oneself as Laksamana Sudomo’s friend and at one group with General Susilo Sudarman (ex minister of Soeharto government). In this tree Sudomo had hung dream rock also.

For natural lover Satonda is good view from the hill. For climber fans can climb mountain side. Many activities other can do it like forest that has many botany collections. For scientists that research field.

According vice of mining department office at NTB Heryadi Rachmat, Satonda Island has tree fossils (precambrium) that older. That is special magnet for many people came in. At special leaflet print by Geologist board of Indonesia at NTB, Satonda is Volcano Island that appear from one thousand meter depth. This lake look like eight number, diameter of big caldera at south part is 950 meter and at north is 400 meter. This water has temperature 28 C to 39 C with PH 7 up 8. Early this water is neutral and change because tsunami effect when erupt mountain at 1815 ago.

Satonda is magnet destination for tourism object, every week many yacht came in from Bali and Lombok. No body lives in this island. That is for maximal service object. People moved to Labuhan Kenanga Bima.

At north part Satonda to get on gold of three angel at tourism by Dompu tourism department office. Gold of three angel Tamosa are Tambora, Moyo and Satonda which have best tourism object at Sumbawa Island.
At Bimaness version, Satonda is including Bima area. Dompu also claim include Bima area. But this claim argued Dompu government that based Dutch and Dompu kingdom treaty at 1886 and 1905. in this treaty Satonda include as Dompu area.

Actually at 1995, Warsito as NTB governor (this time) has to turn over to Dompu region. This is based consider three aspect like geography, demography and land condition. But Bima representative council (DPRD Bima) reject this fulfillment.

To Satonda Island:
Satonda located at Flores Sea about three kilometers from Sanggar area. From Mataram to Satonda must by Dompu region by bus have pay sixty thousand rupiahs. Tariff by bus to Calabahi from Dompu is fifteen thousand rupiahs if get speed boat to cross the sea, carter boat tariff is fifty thousand rupiahs.
Journey to Satonda from Dompu is rather difficult. For came this location must be through rough journey. Because at north Dompu way not yet good. Many hole in the way. From Dompu to Calabahi is as far as 106 kilometers needed more than six hours to get there. That’s way many people by sea to get there.

Sumbawa is the largest island of the province of W. Nusa Tenggara and home to Tambora volcano. In 1815 a cataclysmic eruption sent 150 cubic km of ash up into the atmosphere, enough to lower global temperatures. The following year was known as ‘the year without a summer’ and snow fell on London in 1816.

Wera is one of the few boat building villages in the world where traditional wooden boats are still built without blueprints using only hand tools and made entirely of wood including the nails. No metal is used other than the keel!

On shore were at least 6 huge monster wooden hulls covered in thatch. Each boat was at least 70feet long with a 20 foot beam. Three traditional wooden boats in various stages of construction.

We were greeted on shore by naked village children and walked across a very polluted beach for a closer look under the boats. All holes are hand drilled then wooden pegs hammered in through the planking and attach to the ribs inside.
Wera beach can reach about three hours, before eventually circle back to the starting point. Beaches in this the area Wara, Kabupaten Bima, really still natural.

Wera Village is a Buginese settlement and famous for its boatbuilding. On the beach we see the manufacturing of several boats in various stages of construction and this is the way our boat “Katharina” was built in 1998. Needless to say that everything is made manually. Absolutly amazing!

The Komodo National Park is a national park in Indonesia located near the Lesser Sunda Islands in the border region between the provinces of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. The park includes the three larger islands Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller ones, and a total area of 1817 km² (603 km² of it land). The national park was founded in 1980 in order to protect the Komodo dragon. Later it was dedicated to protecting other species, including marine species. The islands of the national park are of volcanic origin. About 4000 people live within the park. In 1991 the national park was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Scuba diving is popular Komodo National Park because of its high marine biodiversity, including whale sharks, ocean sunfish, manta rays, eagle rays, pygmy seahorse, false pipefish, clown frogfish, nudibranchs, blue-ringed octopus, sponges, tunicates, and coral.

Since 1995, the national park authority has been supported by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), an American environmental organization. A new management plan was co-authored with TNC and implemented in 2000 to address the problem of increasing resource exploitation, both marine and terrestrial. Most pressure on marine resources originates from fishing communities and commercial enterprises from outside the park. However, regulations and restrictions on resource use impact mostly on park residents, who have few options to make a living but rely on what the park has to offer. The provision of alternative livelihoods is part of the overall management strategy, but communities within the park are yet to benefit from appropriate measures addressing their needs .

The development of – largely marine-based – ecotourism is the main strategy to make the park self-financing and generate sufficient revenue through entrance fees and tourism licenses to cover operational and managerial costs. To this end, a joint venture between TNC and a tourism operator were granted a tourism concession, that also entails extensive park management rights . This concession has generated an ongoing controversy. The joint venture has been accused of making decisions behind closed doors, and many people in and around Komodo claim that they haven’t been consulted regarding decisions that ultimately affect their lives .

Most controversy, however, was caused by the death of several fishermen since the 1980s. The circumstances of the fishermen’s deaths are contested. While park patrol (including, at the time, police and navy personnel) claim they acted in self-defense, fishing communities accuse park management of having deliberately killed the fishermen .

Komodo National Park remains an awe-inspiring experience for tourists and travelers, but the conflict between park management, TNC and local communities continues unabated.

Komodo is one of the 17,508 islands that make up the Republic of Indonesia. The island has a surface area of 390 km² and over 2000 inhabitants. The inhabitants of the island are descendants of former convicts who were exiled to the island and who have mixed themselves with the Bugis from Sulawesi. The population are primarily adherents of Islam but there are also Christian and Hindu minorities.

Komodo is part of the Lesser Sunda chain of islands and forms part of the Komodo National Park. Particularly notable here is the native Komodo dragon. In addition, the island is a popular destination for diving. Administratively, it is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province.

Komodo lies between the substantially larger neighboring islands Sumbawa to the west and Flores to the east.

The island is famous not only for its heritage of convicts but also for the unique fauna which roam it. The Komodo dragon, the world’s largest living lizard, takes its name from the island. A type of monitor lizard, it inhabits Komodo and some of the smaller surrounding islands, attracting many tourists.

Another island inhabit by the Komodo Dragon is Rinca Island. Even there are now feeding places on the island and spotting the monitor is more a matter of luck and your guide knowledge, but there are much other abundant species: several monkey colonies, wild water buffalos, deer, horses, pigs, bush turkeys and eagles

These islands are composed of a silica-rich rock called rhyolite porphyry. The rhyolite contains large, perfect doubly terminated quartz crystals (lacking the prism faces), some of which are up to a centimeter long. The rhyolite is also rich in magnetite, which weathers out of the rock to form magnetite-rich sand on some of the beaches. In places, silica-rich groundwater has replaced the bedrock with chert. On Rinca, one can see fragments of worked chert lying around near the outcrops. These rocks are geologically distinct from the rocks found on islands to the east and west, which are more mafic in character.

Rincah, also known as Rinca, is a small island near Komodo island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The island is famous for komodo dragons, giant lizards that can measure up to three meters (ten feet) long. Rincah is also populated with many other species such as wild pigs, buffalos and many birds.

Being less known and less visited than Komodo it is an excellent place to see the Komodo Dragon in its natural environment with fewer people to disturb them. Day trips can be arranged from Labuanbajo on Flores by small boat. Visitors should check in at the park headquarters.
The island’s area is 198 km2.

In June 2008, five scuba divers (three British, one French and one Swedish) were found on the Southern coast of Rincah after having been missing for 2 days. The group had drifted 20 miles (32 km) from where their dive boat abandoned them. They survived on shellfish and oysters

If you want to see the big Komodo dragons, you should get to the park early, before 6:00 a.m. when the first tour starts. Even this early, the island is hot. You should dress lightly, and bring a lot of water. Before the tour starts, you can visit the little museum they have at park headquarters, where you can see an exhibit of the various rock types found on the island, and a display of all their poisonous snakes, of which there are a great many. You can also pet the many deer that hang out at park headquarters. The big dragons don’t come into the park headquarters area, so the deer are safe there. You can also see a lot of the little Komodo dragons, the young ones, who must spend their first several years in trees to be safe from their elders, who would gladly eat them. Komodo dragons are cannibals who eat their own young, and even other adults when they can pull it off.

The tour is led by a couple of men from the park service. The men carry long, forked sticks, but say that their main protection from the dragons is the special rapport they have with them. They tell us that the dragon is called ora locally, and they talk about their habits and behaviors. They used to bring a goat with them to feed to the dragons on the river bank where the lizards gather, but this practice has been discontinued.

The terrestrial fauna is of rather poor diversity in comparison to the marine fauna. The number of terrestrial animal species found in the Park is not high, but the area is important from a conservation perspective as some species are endemic.. Many of the mammals are Asiatic in origin (e.g., deer, pig, macaques, civet). Several of the reptiles and birds are Australian in origin. These include the orange-footed scrubfowl, the lesser sulpher-crested cockatoo and the nosy friarbird.

Reptiles: The most famous of Komodo National Park’s reptiles is the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis). It is among the world’s largest reptiles and can reach 3 meters or more in length and weigh over 70kg. To find out more about this fascinating creature click here.

Other than the Komodo Dragon twelve terrestrial snake species are found on the island. including the cobra (Naja naja sputatrix), Russel’s pit viper (Vipera russeli), and the green tree vipers (Trimeresurus albolabris). Lizards include 9 skink species (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), limbless lizards (Dibamidae), and, of course, the monitor lizards (Varanidae). Frogs include the Asian Bullfrog (Kaloula baleata), Oreophyne jeffersoniana and Oreophyne darewskyi. They are typically found at higher, moister altitudes.

Mammals: Mammals include the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis), the main prey of the Komodo dragon, horses (Equus sp.), water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), wild boar (Sus scrofa vittatus), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), palm civets (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus lehmanni), the endemic Rinca rat (Rattus rintjanus), and fruit bats. One can also find goats, dogs and domestic cats.

Birds: One of the main bird species is the orange-footed scrub fowl (Megapodius reinwardti), a ground dwelling bird. In areas of savanna, 27 species were observed. Geopelia striata and Streptopelia chinensis were the most common species. In mixed deciduous habitat, 28 bird species were observed, and Philemon buceroides, Ducula aenea, and Zosterops chloris were the most common.

Kanawa is a lovely little island, people compared it to an hidden gem, located at the edge of world famous Komodo National Park. it’s probably the best way to enjoy the National park, since it is located just few minutes away by boat, offering tours, diving, food and accommodation on pristine white sand beaches.
The island is fully surrounded by an untouched coral reef where turtles, sharks, mantas and thousands of sea creatures live.

The beautiful island of Kanawa on the edge of the komodo Marine Park is 32 hectares of peace, and tranquillity surrounded by crystal clear waters teeming with marine life.
Kanawa is everyone’s image of paradise – crystal clear waters, fine white sand and the gently lapping of water at your feet. Kanawa is a small, picturesque island just off the coast of Labuan Bajo, Flores.

Kanawa island is located just 6miles away from Labuan Bajo, at the borders of UNESCO World Heritage site, Komodo National Park.
Kanawa is a beautiful tropical island of about 32 hectares, surrounded by natural reefs and white sand beaches. Perfect for snorkeling. The small island can be circled in less than an hour’s walk. An easy hike to the island’s highest point (91 meters) affords you views of Komodo National Park, Labuan Bajo village, and breathtaking sunsets.

Kanawa Island (Indonesian: Pulau Kanawa) is considered as one of south east Asia’s most idyllic islands, fully surrounded by spectacular reef with thousands of fish species, turtles, corals and reef sharks, sometimes it is possible to see some mantas just around the arrival jetty. Kanawa island is just 10 km away from Labuan Bajo (about 1hr with a local boat or 10 minutes with speed boat) and located just at the boarders of Komodo National Park.

In Kanawa island guests can enjoy most breath-taking sunrises and sunsets, about a kilometers of untouched white sand beaches ais available for sunbathing and walks

It is an untouched secluded island, fully surrounded by reef and white sand beaches. In the middle a small hill guarantees a spectacular view all over the park and Labuan Bajo bay.

Snorkeling, diving and trekking are just fabulous, one of the best place all over the world to dive and snorkel.
On the island a rare sea eagle made its nest, and a dear and some goats live widely but not scared of humans, as for all the fishes and turtles which swim freely in the turquoise waters.

The island sued to belong to a local from the nearby fisherman village of Pulau Mesah. on 2010 the island has been purchased by a group of European (italian, Dutch, Spanish) who are at the moment taking care of it, keeping it as a simple place for travelers, but clean, organized, offering tours and diving and creating a conservation program which includes turtle sanctuary, no fishing zone on the reef, english and environmental education classes at local schools, use of green energy….

The island is of about 30hectares, with two main beaches, one on purpose kept at natural status. in the centre of the island a beautiful hill provides spectacular views all over the national park.

Labuan Bajo is a fishing town located on the western coast of Flores in the Nusa Tenggara region of Indonesia.

Once a small fishing village, Labuan Bajo (also spelled Labuhanbajo and Labuanbajo) in Flores is now a busy bustling epicenter of tourism. It is the launching point for trips to Komodo Island and Rinca Island, home to the famous Komodo dragons. Nearby Kanawa and Seraya Islands are a great opportunity to do some diving and snorkeling and every evening at Kalong Island thousands of flying fox bats put on an amazing display.

The regency of West Manggarai is subdivided into 7 districts and 121 sub-districts. Labuan Bajo is the regional capital of West Manggarai.
West Manggarai is the regency covering the westernmost area of West Flores, located within the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara. In 2003, West Manggarai was elevated to the status of a regency in recognition of its role as an important gateway to Flores,

With the established of the regional administration in Labuan Bajo, transportation access to Labuan Bajo, by land, sea and air continue to be enhanced. Numerous economic and tourism developments are now in an advanced planning stage or under construction in West Manggarai.

Labuanbajo, also spelled Labuhanbajo, is a city at the tip of Flores Island in Indonesia. It is the launching point for trips to Komodo Island and Rinca Island to see Komodo dragons and the surrounding sea is idyllic for diving and snorkeling. Nearby Seraya Island is a great opportunity to do some diving and snorkeling and every evening at Kalong Island thousands of flying fox bats put on an amazing display.

On the westernmost tip of the Island of Flores, the town of Labuan Bajo, or also spelled Labuhan Bajo sits peacefully: a small fishing site with surprisingly comprehensive tourist facilities. The central logic for its wide range of amenities is the extraordinary interest of travelers to the existence of the Komodo dragon, locally called ora, if not for its superb national park that encompasses some 80 islands.

Facing two important islands – Rinca and Komodo – the only habitat in the world for the mythical and endangered species, the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), the town of Labuan Bajo acts as a transit port and a destination to Flores’s newly discovered interior. The town at the most western end of Flores provides a place to stock up on groceries and other necessities for those traveling on liveaboards to the islands or further east.

Prior to entering the Indonesian version of Jurassic Park, travelers will seek for important information in and around this busy port. Labuan Bajo has quite a few travel agencies, stores, restaurants, money changers, dive operators, and a wide range of accommodation, from simple guesthouses to starred hotels along the beachfront that can provide free information about the Komodo National Park. The information is also available for the whole Island of Flores that stretches 450 kilometers from west to east. Here the term ‘Long Island’suggests more than just a refreshing cocktail or the largest island in New York, when avid travelers to eastern Indonesia would probably romanticize the term for the Island of Flores itself. In fact, getting across the island is absolutely not a short trip when you go overland.

Aside from the assortments of good tourist accommodation, the town itself is quite poor in functioning infrastructures. Expectations should, therefore, be curbed to a moderate level, especially when going on a city tour on your own, where you will find the town somehow pretty simple. Fortunately, it is quiet so that heavy traffic is unlikely. Although watching a colourful sunset over the romantic bay from a restaurant on a hill is quite a stunning experience.

Administratively, Labuan Bajo is the capital of the West Manggarai District that covers a quarter of the total area of the Island of Flores. Although the pace of the hospitality industry is accelerating, yet 65% of its income still comes from agriculture. Agricultural lifestyle in Flores, Sumba, and Timor, gives considerable impact on the simplicity of its people, imbued with extraordinarily vibrant cultures. The tradition to celebrate what Mother Nature has to offer is authentic, namely the Pasola and the Nyale in Sumba, the Caci in Flores,the Baleo in Lembata and Alor, and the Reba in Ngada. All are associated with agricultural and coastal lifestyle of its people. In Manggarai and West Manggarai, the majority of the people embrace Islam as they are migrants from Sulawesi, Lombok, Java, and Sumatra, with a few of them still believing in ancient animism.

To most travelers and to westerners who own many businesses here, the developing town is somehow favorable and even romantic. The view on wooden cottages with thatched roofs camouflaged by shrubberies and towering trees up in the sloping township, overlooking an idyllic harbour, make an evening conversation with traveling partners an unforgettable experience. For some adventurers, Labuan Bajo can be an ideal getaway.

Get There:
Labuanbajo can be accessed by ferry from Sumbawa or by public bus from Ende and Maumere. There are also daily flights between Labuanbajo and Denpasar.

A number of companies organise 4 day sailing trips between Lombok or Bali and Flores for around Rp1,000,000 passengers should be aware that these trips can cross open waters and are on boats with no navigation or safety equipment other than some lifejackets (ie. no radio, flairs or life rafts).

What to Do:
Komodo National Park encompasses a lot of water and islands west of Labuanbajo. If you want to go to Rinca or Komodo islands, or dive in the park you will have to buy a 3 day park pass for 15 $USD. Money from such user fees goes into conservation efforts (including armed patrols) that are apparently overseen by the WWF.

Scuba Diving within the park is excellent. There are three main dive operators that offer day dives as well as live aboard opportunities: Bajo Dive Club, Dive Komodo, and Reef Seekers. The Komodo Diving dive master is a true enthusiast of manta rays (clearly evident by the tattoo on his back), who often spots manta rays from the boat between dives. He has been known to join divers in jumping into the water with snorkel gear to have a look at them.

Sabolon Kecil and Sabolon Besar Islands:
Both 02 islands is one of the best snorkeling islands in Indonesia, its located just north part of Labuan Bajo, about 1.5 hours by local boat. The islands is inhabitant, no one lived on the islands but Goats.

Both islands has small beach but the underwater is SPECTACULAR, its best for even for diving, a lot of fishes and the coral reefs is healthy. The drop off reefs is the best part to snorkeling on this island.

The best season to come to this island is from April to December, January to March is difficult to travel due to big waves and strong current.

The Diving and Snorkeling:
Sabolon kecil a slope on the east side of this tiny island, with two underwater mounds at the southern end with fields of garden eels and sea pens, schools of round bat fish are often seen coming quite close for some nice photography.

Sabolon Besar steep slopes off the southern and western sides of the bigger island, fabulous coral coverage and a good chance of spotting Scorpion leaf fish.
Sebayur kecil walls and slopes of every kind of coral you can imagine, wide variety of marine life to be seen at this site, mantas often seen.


– WATER TEMPERATURE: 20 – 28 Degrees Celsius (68-85 F) , cooler water is experienced on the southern sites. Full 3mm wetsuit & hood is recommended. More active people will prefer a sports suit in northern sites.

– VISIBILITY: 10 – 50M year round. Traditionally clearer water on northern sites.

– CURRENT: SABOLON experiences a strong tidal flow. Not all sites are affected by current. Drift diving is excellent, however during spring tides some sites are impossible to dive. Particular attention is placed on diving the correct sites at the most suitable time to ensure optimum conditions, in accordance with the preferences of the group.

– NIGHT DIVING: The night diving in SABOLON is breathtaking. The sheer beauty, color and diversity of life makes it a must see for all divers.

– WALLS: There are numerous walls to choose from. Both drift and static wall dives are offered.

– CANYONS: Huge chasms drop thousands of meters, fringed by extraordinary coral gardens.

– CRITTERS: Found in all locations, however we do offer special sites for encountering unusual marine species.

– OTHERS: Seamounts, fringing reefs, gutters, muck, and sandy locations are also found in the archipelago.